‘A smiling face is a beautiful face. A smiling heart is a happy heart’ and to flaunt this smile it is necessary to have a wonderful and infectious smile. A smile can even melt a stone-hearted person but for that, you need to correct the smile. Invisalign process is the one which helps you to go through and for that, it is necessary to consult a well-known and renowned orthodontist to get it treated in the best possible way.
Dental problems in our life are always uninvited and we cannot avoid it to get corrected at a later period as they may lead to various problems including cavities, periodontal diseases, gum diseases, sensitive teeth, and many more which if remains ignored for a longer period may even lead over to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
Crossbite, overbite, underbite, teeth crowding, narrow bites, misaligned bites, gaps in between the teeth, crooked teeth are some of the problems which are normally seen in many of the people though this arent considered as a disease or a problem but to improve the overall look it is necessary to correct these problems and Invisalign helps for getting it corrected.
Fact check on dental health
Dental cavities and gum disease are the most common oral health problems.
• Almost 60 to 90 percent of school-going children have at least one dental cavity
• Nearly every adult has at least one dental cavity.
• Adults aged between 35 to 44 have severe gum diseases.
• 30 percent of adults aged between 65 to 74 do not have any natural teeth left.
• In most of the countries from every 1,00,000 people, there are between 1 to 10 cases of oral cancer.
• Oral disease is seen as a maximum in poor or disadvantaged groups.
Symptoms of dental problems
A person normally shouldn’t wait till the symptoms are aggravated for the dental problems instead get it checked twice a year as it will allow the dentist to catch the problems before you notice or catch any of the below-mentioned symptoms:
•Ulcers, sores which don’t heal after a week or two
•Bleeding or swollen gums seen after brushing & flossing
•Sensitivity to hot and cold beverages
•Pain while chewing or biting
Types of dental diseases
•Our mouth is the most used body part throughout the day so we can always imagine what all things can go wrong for that if proper oral hygiene is not maintained and there are chances that you may face at least one dental problem throughout your lifetime.
•Cavities – Cavities or tooth decay are the areas that are damaged or have holes in them which occur because of bacteria, food, and acid coating the teeth forming the plaque.
•Gingivitis – Gingivitis or gum disease is the inflammation of the gums which is the result of plaque building up on the teeth because of poor brushing & flossing habits making the gums swell & bleed.
•Periodontitis – Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gingivitis wherein infection spreads to the jaw & bones causing an inflammatory response throughout the body.
•Broken teeth – Tooth breaking takes place because of injury to the mouth, grinding the teeth, eating hard foods. Broken teeth will be very painful and are required to visit the dentist right away.
•Sensitive teeth – While eating cold or hot beverages may lead to discomfort or pain which is also known as ‘dentin hypersensitivity ‘ occurring temporarily after having a root canal or filling. Thinner enamel can also have sensitivity in the tooth.
•Oral Cancer – Oral cancer includes cancer of gums, tongue, lips, the floor of the mouth, cheek, and hard & soft palate. The dentist will be the first to recognize oral cancer. Smoking and tobacco is the biggest reason for oral cancer.
Causes of dental problems
Causes of dental problems are the oral cavity which collects all types of bacteria, fungi, and viruses in the mouth, and they are harmless and in small quantities making the normal flora of the mouth. When the diet which is high in sugar is taken it creates a condition wherein acid-producing bacteria start flourishing.
Bacteria near the gums stay in a manner called plaque wherein plaque accumulates, hardens migrating the length of the teeth if it isn’t removed regularly with the help of brushing & flossing. Plaque inflames the gums causing the situation to worsen known as gingivitis.
The infection causes the gums to pull away from the teeth creating the gaps in which the pus will start collecting and the advanced stage of this gum disease is called periodontitis.
Factors leading to gingivitis and periodontitis are:
•Irregular and poor brushing
•Frequent gorging on sugar foods & drinks
•Reducing the amount of saliva due to certain medications
Diagnosis of dental & oral diseases
Most of the problems are diagnosed while dental examination – which should take place at least twice a year. During the dental examination, the dentist will closely check upon teeth, mouth, throat, tongue, cheeks, jaw, and neck.
For certain patients, the dentist may tap the teeth with various dental instruments to come up with the diagnosis. A dental x-ray may also be taken to get an image of all the teeth. A probe can be used to measure the gum pockets to check whether you have gum diseases or receding gums.
If there is any kind of abnormal lumps, lesions, or growth in the mouth then gum biopsy will be performed wherein a small piece of tissue is removed from the lesion and sent to the laboratory to check for cancerous cells.
Steps to keep your teeth healthy
•Brush your teeth twice a day with a toothpaste having fluoride.
•Once in a day flossing of the teeth.
•Slow down on the intake of sugar.
•A healthy diet with more fruits & vegetables.
•Avoid tobacco products
•Oral health check-up must be done regularly
•Drink fluoridated water
Dental Problems normally occur for everyone once in a lifetime and the only way to avoid any serious problems is having dental checkups twice a year and following the steps to keep teeth healthy.