10 Common Dental Issues

Dental issues are very common today due to our food habits, various drinks, smoking, and many more and we generally tend to ignore it or just deny paying attention to our dental issues and compromise on our oral health care leading to multiple issues. 

Common dental problems

    1. Tooth decaying – The second most common problem seen in human beings. Tooth decaying happens when plaque combines with sugar or starch you eat through your food. The bacteria produce the acids from the sugar we consume through the food, these acids permanently damage the enamel and outer layer of the teeth and later on the layer beneath the enamel.
    2. Bad breath – One of the most common dental problems and the most distressing. This is caused due to several factors that include poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, medication, infection, cancer, and acid reflux. One or more foods can even be the issue for the bad breath and spices such as garlic and onion are the most common culprit. 
    3. Sensitive teeth – Our teeth often become sensitive to cold and hot foods, and drinks when the enamel is worn out or the hypersensitivity is exposed which leads to the nerves deep inside the tooth and hot or cold substances can easily travel along the tubes causing intense pain. Tooth decay can even be the reason for hypersensitivity and the other common issues are root infection, gum disease, cracked tooth, worn crowns or fillings, enamel erosion, and receding gums.
    4. Cracked or broken teeth – Cracked or broken teeth happen due to injury, chewing hard food, mouth piercing, and grinding of the teeth while sleeping. This type of tooth may lead to severe pain depending on the extent of the damage and get it treated as soon as possible. There are multiple options available to treat this type of tooth that includes veneer, crown, or tooth-colored filling.
    5. Roots infection – Root infection can be caused when the base of the root is infected and swollen with bacteria. This generally happens due to cavities, cracks, or fractures in the tooth. Root infection can lead to damaged tissues and tooth nerves eventually leading to the development of abscesses. Root infection can be treated by root canal as this procedure is very safe with minimal pain. 
    6. Enamel erosion – This problem occurs very slowly leaving the tooth discolored to round-looking and the primary cause is the consumption of plenty of sugar and acidic foods such as soda and sweets for a long time. Even brushing the teeth too hard and too long can lead to enamel erosion.
      Enamel erosion generally happens when the teeth are too sensitive, weak, and susceptible to cracks, chipping, and cupping, and the lost enamel cannot be restored however enamel erosion can be reduced further by cutting on sugar products and acidic foods.
    7. Gums diseases – Bacterial infection caused due to building of the plaque results in gum diseases. Gingivitis at the early stage and in the mild form is gum or periodontal disease. The common symptoms seen during gum disease are red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Bad breath and sensitivity are often felt and it hurts when you chew. 
      Gingivitis is painless and at times you may not notice it so a regular dental checkup is recommended. When gingivitis is left untreated it can be a severe form of gum disease when pockets of the gums become infected leading to shrinking and receding gums, change in bite, permanent loose teeth, bad breath, and unpleasant taste.
    8. Dry mouth – A very common problem found in every age group is that of dry mouth but more commonly found in the elderly. Causes include salivary gland disease, nerve damage, cancer treatments, diabetes, and certain medication for HIV/AIDS can also lead to dry mouth or dry throat. This issue can be solved by taking sips of water throughout the day and avoiding the substances leading to drying such as tobacco, alcohol, caffeine, and sweets.
    9. Teeth grinding – Teeth grinding is also known as bruxism in the dental term and this problem generally occurs while you sleep but can even happen when you are awake. Teeth grinding can damage the teeth causing to develop jaw pain leading to headaches and earaches. The other reasons for teeth grinding can also be a new filling or the crown which is higher than the other teeth, and an abnormal bite.
      People often face the problem of teeth grinding when they are stressed, due to sleep disorders, and anxiety treating these issues could also help you to stop the grinding of the teeth. With the advice of the dentist, you can use a mouth-guard at night which will minimize the grinding and even offer some kind of protection to the teeth and help to correct bite issues.
    10.  Receding gums – This can be caused due to other common dental problems leading to more serious issues such as losing teeth. This condition takes place due to the exposure of the delicate root of the tooth making it susceptible to damage including various factors such as poor oral hygiene, hard brushing of the teeth, hormonal imbalance in women, smoking, genetic issue, and high blood pressure. Dental care can be done through the cleaning of the teeth by the dental professional.

All these problems can be simply avoided by following regular oral hygiene that includes:

  • Brushing the teeth twice a day
  • Everyday flossing
  • Checkup with the dentist regularly
  • No smoking

Dental problems can even affect our confidence, health, and quality of life so whenever you notice any of the above-mentioned problems make sure to visit the dentist immediately before the problem worsens leading to more complications.


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